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Mary I Frecker, Randy S Haluck, Ryan P Dziedzic, Jeremy R Schadler: Multifunctional tool and method for minimally invasive surgery. The Penn State Research Foundation, McKee Voorhees & Sease, April 24, 2007: US07208005 (336 worldwide citation)


An apparatus and method for minimally invasive surgery. The apparatus can comprise a tool which includes a multi-functioning end effector for insertion into a patient, a user control adapted for use by the surgeon external of the patient, and an intermediate section between the end effector and the ...


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Justin Hanes, David A Edwards, Carmen Evora, Robert Langer: Particles incorporating surfactants for pulmonary drug delivery. Massachusetts Instite of Technology, The Penn State Research Foundation, Arnall Golden & Gregory, January 5, 1999: US05855913 (313 worldwide citation)


Aerodynamically light particles incorporating a surfactant on the surface thereof for drug delivery to the pulmonary system, and methods for their synthesis and administration are provided. In a preferred embodiment, the aerodynamically light particles are made of a biodegradable material and have a ...


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Stephen J Fonash, Gang Liu: Low temperature crystallization and patterning of amorphous silicon films on electrically insulating substrates. The Penn State Research Foundation, Thomas J Monahan, January 4, 1994: US05275851 (305 worldwide citation)


A fabrication process polycrystalline silicon thin film transistors commences with the deposition of an ultra-thin nucleating-site forming layer onto the surface of an insulating substrate (e.g., 7059 glass). Next, an amorphous silicon film is deposited thereover and the combined films are annealed ...


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Randy S Haluck: Laparoscopic surgical instrument and method. The Penn State Research Foundation, McKee Voorhees & Sease, February 3, 2004: US06685724 (253 worldwide citation)


A surgical instrument is provided for use in performing endoscopic procedures having a handle and an elongate tubular member having a proximal end coupled with the handle for being disposed externally of the anatomical cavity and a distal end for being disposed within the anatomical cavity. The dist ...


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David A Edwards, Giovanni Caponetti, Jeffrey S Hrkach, Noah Lotan, Justin Hanes, Abdell Aziz Ben Jebria, Robert S Langer: Aerodynamically light particles for pulmonary drug delivery. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Penn State Research Foundation, Arnall Golden & Gregory, February 23, 1999: US05874064 (248 worldwide citation)


Improved aerodynamically light particles for drug delivery to the pulmonary system, and methods for their synthesis and administration are provided. In a preferred embodiment, the aerodynamically light particles are made of a biodegradable material and have a tap density less than 0.4 g/cm.sup.3 and ...


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Donald A Streit, Brian J Gilmore, Min Lu, Michael A Pusateri: Map-matching navigation system. The Penn State Research Foundation, Thomas J Monahan, June 30, 1998: US05774824 (164 worldwide citation)


A map matching navigation system for monitoring vehicle state characteristics including the location of a vehicle on a map route. The map matching navigation system may operate in a fixed mode wherein the map route is inputted by a user or a flexible mode wherein the map matching navigation system d ...


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Smadar Cohen, Alexander K Andrianov, Margaret Wheatley, Harry R Allcock, Robert S Langer: Gas-filled polymeric microbubbles for ultrasound imaging. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Penn State Research Foundation, Arnall Golden & Gregory, January 30, 1996: US05487390 (131 worldwide citation)


Compositions, methods for preparing and methods of using air-filled polymeric microcapsules for ultrasound imaging are disclosed. Air-encapsulating microcapsules are formed by ionotropically gelling synthetic polyelectrolytes such as poly(carboxylatophenoxy)phosphazene, poly(acrylic acid), poly(meth ...


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David A Edwards, Daniel R Deaver, Robert S Langer: Materials and methods for enhancing cellular internalization. The Penn State Research Foundation, Thomas J Monahan, November 16, 1999: US05985320 (130 worldwide citation)


Compositions and methods for delivering agents across cell membranes are disclosed. The compositions include an agent to be delivered, a viscous material, such as a hydrogel, lipogel or viscous sol, and, optionally, a carrier that includes a ligand that binds to or interacts with cell surface recept ...


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Jonathan Phillips: Plasma generation of supported metal catalysts. The Penn State Research Foundation, Thomas J Monahan, November 23, 1999: US05989648 (121 worldwide citation)


The present invention relates to a method of producing catalytic materials which comprises passing an aerosol comprising a mixture of metal powder and support through a plasma torch.



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