11
Jonathan Phillips: Plasma generation of supported metal catalysts. The Penn State Research Foundation, Thomas J Monahan, November 23, 1999: US05989648 (125 worldwide citation)


The present invention relates to a method of producing catalytic materials which comprises passing an aerosol comprising a mixture of metal powder and support through a plasma torch.


12
Douglas M Mechlenburg, Roger Paul Gaumond: Muscle stimulating device and method for diagnosing and treating a breathing disorder. Respironics, The Penn State Research Foundation, Michael W Haas, August 3, 2004: US06770022 (120 worldwide citation)


A device and method for magnetic stimulation of muscles for the diagnosis and relief of a breathing disorder, such as obstructive sleep apnea is disclosed. Magnetic stimulation is used to stimulate muscles which serve to stabilize the upper airway of an individual whose nocturnal apneic events are r ...


13
James Norris, Gary Clawson, Caroline Westwater, David Schofield, Michael Schmidt, Brian Hoel, Joseph Dolan, Wei Hua Pan: Tissue-specific and pathogen-specific toxic agents and ribozymes. MUSC Foundation for Research Development, The Penn State Research Foundation, Pennie & Edmonds, August 7, 2001: US06271359 (119 worldwide citation)


The present invention relates to the discovery, identification and characterization of toxic agents which are lethal to pathogens and methods for targeting such toxic agents to a pathogen or pathogen infected cells in order to treat and/or eradicate the infection. In particular, the present inventio ...


14
Michael Natan: Self-assembled metal colloid monolayers. The Penn State Research Foundation, Thomas J Monahan, March 11, 1997: US05609907 (108 worldwide citation)


What follows is a description of an invention for the preparation of macroscopic metal surfaces by self assembly of colloidal metal particles. Metal surfaces play a critical role in technology, and in many cases, the surface morphology dictates function. The strategy delineated herein, the use of na ...


15
Michael J Natan, Christine Keating: Surface enhanced raman scattering from metal nanoparticle-analyte-noble metal substrate sandwiches. The Penn State Research Foundation, November 21, 2000: US06149868 (101 worldwide citation)


A substrate for surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is described in which the analyte is deliberately sandwiched between a colloidal metal nanoparticle and the SERS substrate. In a first embodiment, the analyte is a protein, and the sandwich comprises a protein:Au colloid complex adsorbed to an ...


16
Vijay K Varadan, Kalarickaparambil Vinoy, Jose A Kollakompil, Vasundara V Varadan: Miniaturized conformal wideband fractal antennas on high dielectric substrates and chiral layers. The Penn State Research Foundation, Ohlandt Greeley Ruggiero & Perle L, February 25, 2003: US06525691 (96 worldwide citation)


A class of antennas that comprise an electrically conductive fractal pattern disposed on a dielectric substrate and are capable of construction in a size measured in centimeters as compared to previous antennas of the same class that measured in meters. One antenna style has a ground plane that is p ...


17
James Z Wang, Ritendra Datta, Jia Li: Image-based CAPTCHA generation system. The Penn State Research Foundation, Gifford Krass Sprinkle Anderson & Citkowski P C, April 19, 2011: US07929805 (88 worldwide citation)


In a system and method for the generation of attack-resistant, user-friendly, image-based CAPTCHAs (Completely Automated Public test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart), controlled distortions are applied to randomly chosen images and presented to a user for annotation from a given list of words. An ...


18
Stephen J Fonash, A Kaan Kalkan: Nanostructure tailoring of material properties using controlled crystallization. The Penn State Research Foundation, Thomas J Monahan, November 30, 1999: US05994164 (84 worldwide citation)


The present invention is generally related to controllably modifying or tailoring the structure of crystalline films to adjust and enhance the material properties of the film, such as optical, mechanical and electrical properties. Crystalline films generally refer to microcrystalline (.mu.c) film, n ...


19
Stephen J Fonash, Xin Lin, Douglas M Reber: Low temperature, high quality silicon dioxide thin films deposited using tetramethylsilane (TMS) for stress control and coverage applications. The Penn State Research Foundation, Ohlandt Greeley Ruggiero & Perle L, March 11, 2003: US06531193 (82 worldwide citation)


Silicon dioxide thin film have been deposited at temperatures from 25° C. to 250° C. by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) using tetramethylsilane (TMS) as the silicon containing precursor. At these temperatures, the PETMS oxide films have been found to exhibit adjustable stress and a ...


20
Mark W McBride, Thomas M Mallison, Gregory P Dillon, Robert L Campbell, David A Boger, Stephen A Hambric, Robert F Kunz, James P Runt, Justin M Walsh, Boris Leschinsky: Expandable impeller pump. The Penn State Research Foundation, Datascope Investment Corporation, Lerner David Littenberg Krumholz & Mentlik, July 1, 2008: US07393181 (80 worldwide citation)


An impeller according to an example of the present invention comprises a hub, and at least one blade supported by the hub. The impeller has a deployed configuration in which the blade extends away from the hub, and a stored configuration in which the impeller is radially compressed, for example by f ...



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