1
Zmierczak Wlodzimierz W, Miller Jan D: Processes for catalytic conversion of lignin to liquid bio-fuels. University Of Utah Research Foundation, Zmierczak Wlodzimierz W, Miller Jan D, RICE Vernon R, November 9, 2006: WO/2006/119357 (38 worldwide citation)


Processes for conversion of lignin to liquid products such as bio-fiiels and fuel additives are disclosed and described (Figure 1). A process for conversion of a lignin material to bio- fuels can include subjecting the lignin material to a base catalyzed depolymerization reaction (Stage I) to produc ...


2
David E Gramlow: Stove for burning bio-mass pellets and grain. Keith S Bergman, March 26, 1991: US05001993 (20 worldwide citation)


A free-standing, thermostatically controlled stove provides positive draft combustion of bio-mass pellets or cereal grains. Particulate bio-fuel is gravity fed from a hopper into a first slower moving auger conveyor which feeds a second faster moving sugar conveyor that communicates with the lower s ...


3
Martin Allan Morris: Bio-fuel and process for making bio-fuel. Bio Alternative, Thomas C Meyers, Brown Rudnick, June 26, 2012: US08207362 (16 worldwide citation)


A method of producing biodiesel from a source of triglycerides. The source of triglycerides is reacted with a blended alcohol composition in the presence of a catalyst to form a mixture of at least one fatty acid alcohol ester and glycerin. The fatty acid alcohol ester is then separated from the gly ...


4
Martin Allan Morris: Bio-fuel and process for making bio-fuel. Bio Alternative, Michael Best & Friedrich, June 30, 2009: US07553982 (16 worldwide citation)


A method of producing biodiesel from a source of triglycerides. The source of triglycerides is reacted with a blended alcohol composition in the presence of a catalyst to form a mixture of at least one fatty acid alcohol ester and glycerin. The fatty acid alcohol ester is then separated from the gly ...


5
Cortright Randy D, Dumesic James A: Method for producing bio-fuel that integrates heat from carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions to drive biomass gasification reactions. Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, Cortright Randy D, Dumesic James A, LEONE Joseph T, October 4, 2007: WO/2007/112314 (15 worldwide citation)


A low-temperature catalytic process for converting biomass (preferably glycerol recovered from the fabrication of bio-diesel) to synthesis gas (i.e., H2/CO gas mixture) in an endothermic gasification reaction is described. The synthesis gas is used in exothermic carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions, ...


6
Sundstroem Henrik: Production process for bio-fuel. T P F Man, April 8, 2009: EP2045057-A1 (13 worldwide citation)


The present invention provides system for controlling a wood particle size distribution in a wood particle manufacturing process. The system comprises a chipper adapted to receive and chip raw wood material into wood chips having crack-formations substantially along a fibre direction, a refiner adap ...


7
Wlodzimierz W Zmierczak, Jan D Miller: Processes for catalytic conversion of lignin to liquid bio-fuels and novel bio-fuels. University of Utah Research Foundation, Workman Nydegger, June 21, 2011: US07964761 (10 worldwide citation)


Processes for conversion of lignin to liquid products such as bio-fuels and fuel additives are disclosed and described. A process for conversion of a lignin material to bio-fuels can include subjecting the lignin material to a base catalyzed depolymerization reaction to produce a partially depolymer ...


8
Randy D Cortright, James A Dumesic: Method for producing bio-fuel that integrates heat from carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions to drive biomass gasification reactions. Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, Virent Energy Systems, Joseph T Leone Esq, DeWitt Ross & Stevens S C, January 18, 2011: US07872054 (9 worldwide citation)


A low-temperature catalytic process for converting biomass (preferably glycerol recovered from the fabrication of bio-diesel) to synthesis gas (i.e., H2/CO gas mixture) in an endothermic gasification reaction is described. The synthesis gas is used in exothermic carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions, ...


9
André Yves Tremblay, Marc Arnold Dubé: Apparatus and method for bio-fuel production. The University of Ottawa, Kathleen E Marsman, Borden Ladner Gervais, February 5, 2013: US08366794 (9 worldwide citation)


An apparatus for the production of a bio-fuel or a bio-fuel additive from plant-derived oils, animal fats or a mixture thereof, suitable for use in a diesel engine is disclosed. The apparatus comprises a porous membrane for separating a reaction mixture from a permeate, the reaction mixture comprisi ...


10
Karamanev Dimitre: Biofuel cell. The University Of Western Ontario, Karamanev Dimitre, HILL 87 Falcon Street Toronto Ontario M4S2P4, January 6, 2005: WO/2005/001981 (8 worldwide citation)


The present invention discloses a new type of biofuel cell, based on the microbial regeneration of the oxidant, ferric ions. The bio-fuel cell is based on the cathodic reduction of ferric to ferrous ions, coupled with the microbial regeneration of ferric ions by the oxidation of ferrous ions, with f ...



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